Spinoza was a Jew of Portugese origin raised in Amsterdam. He was expelled from the Jewish community for his biblical exegesis in 1656. He finished his Ethica, or The Ethics, in 1665, but it was not published until after his death in 1677. His other works of note include Short Treatise on God, Man and Human Welfare (1662), Tractatus de Intellectus Emendatione (1677). Spinoza moved to The Hague in 1663, where he produced the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus (1670).